Camus, Albert

   writer, philosopher
   one of the most important and influential writers of the 20th century, Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria, into modest circumstances and raised by his widowed mother and his grandmother. He began his studies in philosophy but did not obtain a degree because he suffered from a tubercular condition. Becoming interested in politics, he was briefly a member of the Communist Party (1934-37) and, in the 1930s, began a career in journalism. During this time, Camus also formed the Théâtre du Travail and published his first collection of essays, L'Envers et Endroit (1937). Unable to serve during World War ii, he went to Paris to work for Paris-Soir as an editor. He joined the resistance and, after the Liberation, resumed his editorial work. The publication in 1942 of his novel L'Étranger (The Stranger), and an essay, Le Mythe de Sisyphe (1944), brought him a renown that continued with the publication of his other works, Le Malentendu (1944) and Caligula (1945). At the time of the Setif uprising in Algeria (1945), Camus tried in vain to mobilize the public conscience there regarding the plight of the Muslims. In 1951, the publication of Camus's L'Homme révolté initiated a strong polemic and then a definite break with the leading existentialist thinker and writer, jean-paul sartre. The latter criticized Camus for attacking Stalinism along with Nazism. Camus, for his part, was seeking a collective morality that would elevate human solidarity in the face of evil. This is best expressed in his novel La Peste (The Plague, 1947), and in his chronicles, collected together under the title Actuelles (1950, 1953, 1958). During the Algerian war for independence (1954-57) (see Algeria), Camus was deeply troubled by the moral implications of the conflict and the role of the French, the French military, and French public opinion. In 1956, his novel La Chute (The Fall), appeared in which he backed further away from Sartre's existentialism. In 1957, he published L'Exil et la Royaume and Réflections sur la guillotine, and received the Nobel Prize in literature "for having brought to light the problems of our day that trouble the human conscience." Camus died in an automobile accident. He left a novel, Le Premier Homme, that was published posthumously (1994). While classified, in a sense, as an existentialist, Camus actually went through an evolution that made him more of a skeptical humanist. Many readers have come to consider him just that—a most profound, effective, and honest spokesman of our age for liberal humanism.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Camus, Albert — born Nov. 7, 1913, Mondovi, Alg. died Jan. 4, 1960, near Sens, France Algerian French novelist, essayist, and playwright. Born into a working class family, Camus graduated from the university in Algiers and then worked with a theatrical company,… …   Universalium

  • Camus, Albert — ► (1913 60) Escritor y filósofo francés. Seguidor del existencialismo. Fue premio Nobel de Literatura en 1957. De una primera época son sus novelas El extranjero (1942) y La peste (1947), en que expuso la teoría del absurdo. Más tarde escribió El …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Camus, Albert — (1913–1960) Algerian born French novelist and thinker, and winner of the 1957 Nobel Prize for literature. His work explores the themes associated with existentialism, in particular the experience of ‘absurdity’ or metaphysical nihilism, and the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Camus,Albert — Ca·mus (kä mo͞oʹ, müʹ), Albert. 1913 1960. French writer and philosopher whose works, such as The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947), concern the absurdity of the human condition. He won the 1957 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * …   Universalium

  • CAMUS, Albert — (1913 1960)    French EXISTENTIALIST author whose book The Rebel (1951) is a profound analysis of modern SOCIETY and the predicament of modern people living in a world without GOD …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Camus — Camus, Albert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Camus — Albert Camus Albert Camus (gesprochen: alˈbɛːʀ ˈkamy) (* 7. November 1913 in Mondovi, Algerien; † 4. Januar 1960 nahe Villeblevin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Camus ou la parole manquante — Auteur Alain Costes Genre Essai Pays d origine  France Éditeur Payot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Camus, Solitaire et Solidaire — Auteur Catherine Camus et Marcelle Mahasela Genre Récit, biographie Pays d origine  France Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Camus — Albert Camus …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.